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 republic [ri'pʌblik]   添加此单词到默认生词本
n. 共和国, 共和政体, 团体, 界

  1. An official policy of racial segregation practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites.
    种族隔离制南非共和国实行的一种官方的种族隔离政策,包括在政治、法律和经济诸方面对非白色人种的歧视
  2. After the founding of the People's Republic of China entered upon a new historical stage.
    人民共和国成立后,中国就进入了一个新的历史时期。
  3. The People's Republic of China will be represented by the largest sports delegation ever sent abroad.
    中华人民共和国将派出一个规模空前的体育代表团(参加这次运动会)。


republic
[ noun ]
  1. a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

  2. <noun.group>
  3. a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch

  4. <noun.group>
    the head of state in a republic is usually a president


Republic \Re*pub"lic\ (r?-p?b"l?k), n. [F. r['e]publique, L.
respublica commonwealth; res a thing, an affair + publicus,
publica, public. See {Real}, a., and {Public}.]
1. Common weal. [Obs.] --B. Jonson.

2. A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole
body of the people, and is exercised by representatives
elected by them; a commonwealth. Cf. {Democracy}, 2.

Note: In some ancient states called republics the sovereign
power was exercised by an hereditary aristocracy or a
privileged few, constituting a government now
distinctively called an aristocracy. In some there was
a division of authority between an aristocracy and the
whole body of the people except slaves. No existing
republic recognizes an exclusive privilege of any class
to govern, or tolerates the institution of slavery.

{Republic of letters}, The collective body of literary or
learned men.

  1. The Kremlin's television statement accused the Lithuanian leadership of planning to turn over national factories to private owners, bring in a separate currency and put up customs posts on the borders of the republic.
  2. The Kremlin has imposed sanctions against the republic in an effort to end the independence drive.
  3. The Lithuanian parliament voted today to abolish the Communist Party's constitutionally guaranteed supremacy and to legalize multiple political parties in the Baltic republic, activists said.
  4. One of the grievances in Lithuania, for instance, is that the Lithuanians are short of food because half of what they produce is shipped to the Russian republic.
  5. To top it off, the Central Asian republic of Kazakhstan yesterday may have become the first fragment of the Soviet Union to throw around its nuclear weight.
  6. "An eventual separation of a Baltic republic from the Soviet Union will be less pain from the point of view of progress and perestroika than an attempt to keep it by force, by tanks," he said.
  7. It is expected to be enlarged from its current dozen members to include the heads of the 15 republic parties, although this is not specified in the published proposal.
  8. On Saturday, dissident sources said police surrounded the apartment building across the street from the government offices of the Russian republic, where the first meeting was held, but did not break it up.
  9. However, activists in the third and smallest Baltic republic of Estonia said a gathering was being organized for Sunday.
  10. Vorotnikov was first deputy premier of the Russian republic in 1975-1979, but lost the support of the Kremlin leadership in the last years of President Leonid I. Brezhnev and was made ambassador to Cuba.
  11. His spokesman suggested that Russia might reconsider its borders with any republic that left the union, a statement that caused a furious reaction in both Kazakhstan and the Ukraine, the two republics that stand to lose the most.
  12. The Kremlin said it was tightening the tap on Lithuania's natural gas supply Tuesday and may cut oil and gasoline to the Baltic republic for refusing to rescind pro-independence laws, Lithuanian leaders said.
  13. The demonstrators were protesting the introduction of compulsory bilingual education in secondary schools in the region, which belongs to Yugoslavia's southern republic of Macedonia.
  14. In 1990, back in Chechnya, he took part in the republic's national congress and so impressed its members that he was elected leader. The failed August coup of 1991 gave Gen Dudayev his opportunity to break away from Russia.
  15. He said the People's Front wants such a visit because "the republic's government is not in a position to solve this question" of Nagorno-Karabakh.
  16. Newly elected Russian President Yeltsin called for the resignation of the Soviet government and said he would seek sovereignty for the republic.
  17. "I'm sorry it happened," he said. "It tears me up." The shooting of an opposition politician on the eve of the first multiparty elections in Soviet Georgia has created an atmosphere of fear and acrimony in this republic.
  18. Parliament then met in Lebanon to elect a president of the republic, Rene Mouawad, and swiftly re-convened to elect Hrawi after Mouawad was assassinated by remote-controlled bomb.
  19. They are demanding that Nagorno-Karabakh, an Armenian-dominated region in the neighboring republic of Azerbaijan, be turned over to Armenia Ethnic Azeris are predominantly Moslem, while most Armenians are Christian.
  20. In 1969, under Communist leader Gustav Husak _ a Slovak _ Slovakia became a separate republic.
  21. Armenian media say some 1,500 refugees from Azerbaijan are arriving daily in Yerevan, capital of the bordering republic of Armenia.
  22. Neither is the safety of the republic.
  23. President Mikhail S. Gorbachev on Wednesday ordered Lithuanians to turn in their weapons, a day after the Baltic republic's government demanded an end to Soviet military maneuvers.
  24. He also is under fire for the blockade of oil, raw materials and other goods he imposed on Lithuania to force the Baltic republic to back off its March 11 declaration of independence.
  25. By Wednesday, the hunger strike had spread to 16 prisons in the Czech republic and four in the Slovak republic, according to the Justice Ministry and the Communist Party daily Rude Pravo.
  26. By Wednesday, the hunger strike had spread to 16 prisons in the Czech republic and four in the Slovak republic, according to the Justice Ministry and the Communist Party daily Rude Pravo.
  27. The third Baltic republic, Estonia, last month declared its intention to secede but set no date and left the door open for negotiations with the Kremlin.
  28. The plant, located in the Armenian capital of Yerevan, was not damaged by the devastating Dec. 7 earthquake in another part of the small southern Soviet republic that borders Turkey.
  29. Pro-Moscow forces in Estonia stopped work today at several factories to protest the republic's independence drive, but the strikes were not widespread, spokesmen said.
  30. The Monday quake and resulting landslide in the Soviet Central Asian republic 1,300 miles east of Armenia killed 1,000 people, according to preliminary official estimates.
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