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 high altar 添加此单词到默认生词本

    high altar
    [ noun ]
    the main altar in a church

    High \High\, a. [Compar. {Higher}; superl. {Highest}.] [OE.
    high, hegh, hey, heh, AS. he['a]h, h?h; akin to OS. h?h,
    OFries. hag, hach, D. hoog, OHG. h?h, G. hoch, Icel. h?r, Sw.
    h["o]g, Dan. h["o]i, Goth. hauhs, and to Icel. haugr mound,
    G. h["u]gel hill, Lith. kaukaras.]
    1. Elevated above any starting point of measurement, as a
    line, or surface; having altitude; lifted up; raised or
    extended in the direction of the zenith; lofty; tall; as,
    a high mountain, tower, tree; the sun is high.

    2. Regarded as raised up or elevated; distinguished;
    remarkable; conspicuous; superior; -- used indefinitely or
    relatively, and often in figurative senses, which are
    understood from the connection; as
    (a) Elevated in character or quality, whether moral or
    intellectual; pre["e]minent; honorable; as, high aims,
    or motives. ``The highest faculty of the soul.''
    (b) Exalted in social standing or general estimation, or
    in rank, reputation, office, and the like; dignified;
    as, she was welcomed in the highest circles.

    He was a wight of high renown. --Shak.
    (c) Of noble birth; illustrious; as, of high family.
    (d) Of great strength, force, importance, and the like;
    strong; mighty; powerful; violent; sometimes,
    triumphant; victorious; majestic, etc.; as, a high
    wind; high passions. ``With rather a high manner.''

    Strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.
    --Ps. lxxxix.

    Can heavenly minds such high resentment show?
    (e) Very abstract; difficult to comprehend or surmount;
    grand; noble.

    Both meet to hear and answer such high things.

    Plain living and high thinking are no more.
    (f) Costly; dear in price; extravagant; as, to hold goods
    at a high price.

    If they must be good at so high a rate, they
    know they may be safe at a cheaper. --South.
    (g) Arrogant; lofty; boastful; proud; ostentatious; --
    used in a bad sense.

    An high look and a proud heart . . . is sin.
    --Prov. xxi.

    His forces, after all the high discourses,
    amounted really but to eighteen hundred foot.

    3. Possessing a characteristic quality in a supreme or
    superior degree; as, high (i. e., intense) heat; high (i.
    e., full or quite) noon; high (i. e., rich or spicy)
    seasoning; high (i. e., complete) pleasure; high (i. e.,
    deep or vivid) color; high (i. e., extensive, thorough)
    scholarship, etc.

    High time it is this war now ended were. --Spenser.

    High sauces and spices are fetched from the Indies.

    4. (Cookery) Strong-scented; slightly tainted; as, epicures
    do not cook game before it is high.

    5. (Mus.) Acute or sharp; -- opposed to {grave} or {low}; as,
    a high note.

    6. (Phon.) Made with a high position of some part of the
    tongue in relation to the palate, as [=e] ([=e]ve), [=oo]
    (f[=oo]d). See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 10,

    {High admiral}, the chief admiral.

    {High altar}, the principal altar in a church.

    {High and dry}, out of water; out of reach of the current or
    tide; -- said of a vessel, aground or beached.

    {High and mighty} arrogant; overbearing. [Colloq.]

    {High art}, art which deals with lofty and dignified subjects
    and is characterized by an elevated style avoiding all
    meretricious display.

    {High bailiff}, the chief bailiff.

    {High Chur`ch}, and {Low Church}, two ecclesiastical parties
    in the Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal
    Church. The high-churchmen emphasize the doctrine of the
    apostolic succession, and hold, in general, to a
    sacramental presence in the Eucharist, to baptismal
    regeneration, and to the sole validity of Episcopal
    ordination. They attach much importance to ceremonies and
    symbols in worship. Low-churchmen lay less stress on these
    points, and, in many instances, reject altogether the
    peculiar tenets of the high-church school. See {Broad

    {High constable} (Law), a chief of constabulary. See
    {Constable}, n., 2.

    {High commission court}, a court of ecclesiastical
    jurisdiction in England erected and united to the regal
    power by Queen Elizabeth in 1559. On account of the abuse
    of its powers it was abolished in 1641.

    {High day} (Script.), a holy or feast day. --John xix. 31.

    {High festival} (Eccl.), a festival to be observed with full

    {High German}, or {High Dutch}. See under {German}.

    {High jinks}, an old Scottish pastime; hence, noisy revelry;
    wild sport. [Colloq.] ``All the high jinks of the county,
    when the lad comes of age.'' --F. Harrison.

    {High latitude} (Geog.), one designated by the higher
    figures; consequently, a latitude remote from the equator.

    {High life}, life among the aristocracy or the rich.

    {High liver}, one who indulges in a rich diet.

    {High living}, a feeding upon rich, pampering food.

    {High Mass}. (R. C. Ch.) See under {Mass}.

    {High milling}, a process of making flour from grain by
    several successive grindings and intermediate sorting,
    instead of by a single grinding.

    {High noon}, the time when the sun is in the meridian.

    {High place} (Script.), an eminence or mound on which
    sacrifices were offered.

    {High priest}. See in the Vocabulary.

    {High relief}. (Fine Arts) See {Alto-rilievo}.

    {High school}. See under {School}.

    {High seas} (Law), the open sea; the part of the ocean not in
    the territorial waters of any particular sovereignty,
    usually distant three miles or more from the coast line.

    {High steam}, steam having a high pressure.

    {High steward}, the chief steward.

    {High tea}, tea with meats and extra relishes.

    {High tide}, the greatest flow of the tide; high water.

    {High time}.
    (a) Quite time; full time for the occasion.
    (b) A time of great excitement or enjoyment; a carousal.

    {High treason}, treason against the sovereign or the state,
    the highest civil offense. See {Treason}.

    Note: It is now sufficient to speak of high treason as
    treason simply, seeing that petty treason, as a
    distinct offense, has been abolished. --Mozley & W.

    {High water}, the utmost flow or greatest elevation of the
    tide; also, the time of such elevation.

    {High-water mark}.
    (a) That line of the seashore to which the waters
    ordinarily reach at high water.
    (b) A mark showing the highest level reached by water in a
    river or other body of fresh water, as in time of

    {High-water shrub} (Bot.), a composite shrub ({Iva
    frutescens}), growing in salt marshes along the Atlantic
    coast of the United States.

    {High wine}, distilled spirits containing a high percentage
    of alcohol; -- usually in the plural.

    {To be on a high horse}, to be on one's dignity; to bear
    one's self loftily. [Colloq.]

    {With a high hand}.
    (a) With power; in force; triumphantly. ``The children of
    Israel went out with a high hand.'' --Ex. xiv. 8.
    (b) In an overbearing manner, arbitrarily. ``They governed
    the city with a high hand.'' --Jowett (Thucyd. ).

    Syn: Tall; lofty; elevated; noble; exalted; supercilious;
    proud; violent; full; dear. See {Tall}.

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