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 cushion capital 添加此单词到默认生词本
方块式柱头
罗曼式柱头




    Cushion \Cush"ion\ (k??sh"?n), n. [OE. cuischun, quisshen, OF.
    coissin, cuissin, F. coussin, fr. (assumed) LL. culcitinum,
    dim. of L. culcita cushion, mattress, pillow. See {Quilt},
    and cf. {Counterpoint} a {coverlet}.]
    1. A case or bag stuffed with some soft and elastic material,
    and used to sit or recline upon; a soft pillow or pad.

    Two cushions stuffed with straw, the seat to raise.
    --Dryden.

    2. Anything resembling a cushion in properties or use; as:
    (a) a pad on which gilders cut gold leaf;
    (b) a mass of steam in the end of the cylinder of a steam
    engine to receive the impact of the piston;
    (c) the elastic edge of a billiard table.

    3. A riotous kind of dance, formerly common at weddings; --
    called also {cushion dance}. --Halliwell.

    {Cushion capital}.(Arch.) A capital so sculptured as to
    appear like a cushion pressed down by the weight of its
    entablature.
    (b) A name given to a form of capital, much used in the
    Romanesque style, modeled like a bowl, the upper part
    of which is cut away on four sides, leaving vertical
    faces.

    {Cushion star} (Zo["o]l.) a pentagonal starfish belonging to
    {Goniaster}, {Astrogonium}, and other allied genera; -- so
    called from its form.

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