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 certain ['sɚtən]   添加此单词到默认生词本
a. 确定的, 某一个的, 必然的

[法] 确凿的, 无疑的, 可靠的

  1. It's certain that every effect must have a cause.
  2. I can't say for certain when he will arrive.
  3. For certain reasons I will be unable to attend the meeting.

[ adj ]
  1. having or feeling no doubt or uncertainty; confident and assured

  2. <adj.all>
    felt certain of success
    was sure (or certain) she had seen it
    was very sure in his beliefs
    sure of her friends
  3. established beyond doubt or question; definitely known

  4. <adj.all>
    what is certain is that every effect must have a cause
    it is certain that they were on the bus
    his fate is certain
    the date for the invasion is certain
  5. certain to occur; destined or inevitable

  6. <adj.all>
    he was certain to fail
    his fate is certain
    In this life nothing is certain but death and taxes
    he faced certain death
    sudden but sure regret
    he is sure to win
  7. established irrevocably

  8. <adj.all>
    his fate is sealed
  9. definite but not specified or identified

  10. <adj.all>
    set aside a certain sum each week
    to a certain degree
    certain breeds do not make good pets
    certain members have not paid their dues
    a certain popular teacher
    a certain Mrs. Jones
  11. reliable in operation or effect

  12. <adj.all>
    a quick and certain remedy
    a sure way to distinguish the two
    wood dust is a sure sign of termites
  13. exercising or taking care great enough to bring assurance

  14. <adj.all>
    be certain to disconnect the iron when you are through
    be sure to lock the doors

Certain \Cer"tain\, a. [F. certain, fr. (assumed) LL. certanus,
fr. L. certus determined, fixed, certain, orig. p. p. of
cernere to perceive, decide, determine; akin to Gr. ? to
decide, separate, and to E. concern, critic, crime, riddle a
sieve, rinse, v.]
1. Assured in mind; having no doubts; free from suspicions

To make her certain of the sad event. --Dryden.

I myself am certain of you. --Wyclif.

2. Determined; resolved; -- used with an infinitive.

However, I with thee have fixed my lot,
Certain to undergo like doom. --Milton.

3. Not to be doubted or denied; established as a fact.

The dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof
sure. --Dan. ii. 45.

4. Actually existing; sure to happen; inevitable.

Virtue that directs our ways
Through certain dangers to uncertain praise.

Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all.

5. Unfailing; infallible.

I have often wished that I knew as certain a remedy
for any other distemper. --Mead.

6. Fixed or stated; regular; determinate.

The people go out and gather a certain rate every
day. --Ex. xvi. 4.

7. Not specifically named; indeterminate; indefinite; one or
some; -- sometimes used independenty as a noun, and
meaning certain persons.

It came to pass when he was in a certain city.
--Luke. v. 12.

About everything he wrote there was a certain
natural grace und decorum. --Macaulay.

{For certain}, assuredly.

{Of a certain}, certainly.

Syn: Bound; sure; true; undeniable; unquestionable;
undoubted; plain; indubitable; indisputable;
incontrovertible; unhesitating; undoubting; fixed;

Certain \Cer"tain\, n.
1. Certainty. [Obs.] --Gower.

2. A certain number or quantity. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

Certain \Cer"tain\, adv.
Certainly. [Obs.] --Milton.

  1. The maze design had to be adapted to meet certain U.S. standards, including exits to comply with fire codes, and breakaway panels in case of emergency.
  2. A company wishing to build hazardous-waste facilities in Pennsylvania must meet certain "siting criteria," such as distance from water supply and the presence of wetlands, as well as meet technical criteria such as emission levels.
  3. I don't think you have any instance as flagrant as this one." Just how flagrant is too flagrant isn't clear under Florida law: A certain degree of "pre-petition planning," as bankruptcy lawyers like to call it, is acceptable.
  4. The chip accord, signed last summer, forbids Japanese chip makers from selling dynamic random-access-memory chips, or D-rams, below certain fair-market values calculated by the Commerce Department.
  5. The relaxation on foreign borrowings in Australia is also subject to certain "operational requirements," Mr. Keating said.
  6. And because costs in the dump business are mostly fixed, additional volume after a certain level is almost entirely profit.
  7. As previously reported, the Securities and Exchange Commission said last summer that Gemcraft had improperly hidden from shareholders the fact that Gemcraft was obligated under certain conditions to repurchase the land.
  8. Even she sees a certain irony in the coming duel: "It is kind of like competing with yourself," Ms. Burns observes.
  9. Among the 62 certain millionaires, the average age is 64.6 years.
  10. "It's better than when they tell you they're looking for a certain music book and all they know is that it's green," said Larry Heidel, floor manager at Carl Fischer, which stocks 610,000 titles and bills itself as the world's largest music store.
  11. In Seattle, where there is licensed day care for fewer than half the children who need it, voters approved a school levy in 1986 that included $5 million to create space for child-care facilities in certain schools.
  12. The Official Unionist party (OUP) is sending a 10-strong team to Dublin, and was sharply critical of the DUP at the weekend. Mr Ken McGinnis, the principal OUP negotiator, said: 'There were certain undertakings made by all parties in this process.
  13. "We said we'd be willing to plead guilty to some counts as long as we didn't implicate certain people we believe were not guilty," an Eastern spokeswoman said, explaining the company's reversal.
  14. Insurers, backed by the Reagan administration, blamed the crisis on a rash of unexpected court decisions that greatly expanded their liability for certain claims.
  15. The acquisition will also include certain undisclosed fixed assets, personnel and business relationships.
  16. At opening ceremonies Monday, Prime Minister Lynden Pindling of the Bahamas denounced the United States for what he called politically motivated intervention in certain countries.
  17. Though Mr. Benjamin maintained it was by no means certain that Mr. Culverhouse could have overthrown the board and management, "We felt it was in the best interest of stockholders to get this resolved while we were in control of the situation.
  18. Haji and hajah are the titles for men and women who have made a pilgrimage, or haj, to Mecca and performed certain acts required on a pilgrimage.
  19. Her parents were certain that they did not want such a son-in-law. When Perurena finally persuaded Mayte to meet him in a neighbouring village they were seen within minutes. Perurena learned about gamesmanship the hard way.
  20. And recently, Coastal won a $549 million judgment from an Occidental Petroleum Corp. unit in a suit charging that the unit tried to monopolize certain natural gas markets.
  21. Eventually, it may be possible for farmers and home gardeners to make bad microbes anemic by loading the soil with certain beneficial bacteria that will deprive the pathogens of their iron supply.
  22. The suit was filed Tuesday in U.S. District Court in New York, just one week after Daimler-Benz announced it had signed a preliminary agreement with UTC to allow their jet engine divisions to operate as a single company on certain ventures.
  23. If approved by both companies' boards, shareholders and certain regulatory agencies, among others, Southmark holders would receive two ICH common shares for each three shares of Southmark common.
  24. The energy and minerals concern said it received the lump-sum payment in consideration for reducing the contract price, starting July 1, until certain quantities of the gas have been delivered.
  25. I talked to - and I'm also concerned about certain military action by the Sandinistas.
  26. The truck maker also will ask holders to vote on certain defensive measures, including staggered terms for the company's directors.
  27. But to seek to assign a certain universality to Chaplin by accompanying his scenes with chunks of JS Bach is worrying, and less justifiable than the playing of the Bach Passacaglia for Petit's Le Jeune Homme et la mort all those years ago.
  28. American Exploration Co. said it completed the acquisition of certain oil and gas producing properties from Transco Exploration Partners Ltd. for about $54 million.
  29. A group of shareholders filed suit against Imperial Corp. of America, Drexel Burnham Lambert Inc., First Executive Corp. and others, charging them with artificially inflating Imperial's stock price to protect certain major investors.
  30. You do run a risk of developing certain psychological maladies unique to free-lancers.
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